A black and white group image of Second World War United States airmen. Trees and huts in Bushy Park can be seen behind.

Bushy Park's own 'Masters of the Air'

When you’re taking a walk through Bushy Park, with its tree avenues, idyllic gardens and abundance of wildlife, it can be hard to imagine that the park has a fascinating military past. But if you catch a new TV series starting this month, you might learn something new about one of London’s less known Royal Parks…

The background

Friday 26 January 2024 sees the release of another Second World War mini-series collaboration between Hollywood big hitters Steven Spielberg and Tom Hanks - Masters of the Air. This much-anticipated war drama follows in the footsteps of two popular series Band of Brothers and The Pacific

The story follows United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) airmen from the 100th Bomb Group as they risk their lives and feel the emotions of courage, loss and triumph in their task to help liberate Europe from the Nazi grip during the latter half of the Second World War. 

This 100th Bomb Group was part of the United States Eighth Army Air Force, whose European Headquarters were based inside Bushy Park from July 1942 to December 1944. 

It's yet to be seen if Bushy Park – or, more likely, Camp Griffiss – gains a mention during the show, but we know for sure that the park played a vital role in this dramatic period of history. 

An airman standing in front of an aircraft
Masters of the Air © Apple TV+
Austin Butler stars in Masters of the Air © Apple TV+

Bushy Park at war

The military camp based inside Bushy Park from 1942-1945 was named Camp Griffiss after Lieutenant Colonel Townsend Griffiss, the first United States airman to die in the line of duty in Europe during the conflict. The camp carried the codename of Widewing with accommodation huts placed along Chestnut Avenue, while later in the war a small airstrip was located not far from where the playground is today. 

Thousands of service personnel working on air operations were based in Camp Griffiss for more than two years. The vital work carried out within Bushy Park was pivotal in providing information for the aircrews based across a hundred airfields across eastern England – many of whom will be portrayed in the Masters of the Air series. 

The US aircrew based inside the camp were well remembered by locals in the area surrounding Bushy Park, many of whom documented their fascinating memories of living next to a military camp during the war - recollections such as hosting officers within their own homes, or the plentiful supply of US goods that were available in a country still gripped by rationing, and even marriages.

Two people shaking hands in front of the USAAF memorial. Huts can be seen alongside trees in the background.
© IWM CH 16679
© IWM CH 16679

How we remember

Today, you can still see some small signs of Camp Griffiss within Bushy Park – with some telephone cables just about visible among trees and the corners of the camp buildings marked by metal plaques laid into the ground. The most prominent feature to spot is a USAAF Memorial Plaque, which was placed here just before the camp was handed over to the British following the end of the war. You can find the plaque east of Teddington Gate and opposite SHAEF Gate. It is inscribed with the words: 

‘It is through fraternity that liberty is saved.’

Later this year, we will be marking the 80th anniversary of the D-Day landings, which took place on 6 June 1944. Check back in summer to find out more about the crucial role Bushy Park played in this fascinating part of Second World War history.

A memorial stone, with a small fence around it, with trees and grass in Bushy Park behind.

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